Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia. Perth is the fourth-most populous city in Australia, with an estimated population of over 2.14 million people living in Perth city, which accounts for approximately 8.58% of the national population of Australia.
Over recent years Perth’s population growth rate has been very strong ranging from 0.9% (2015) to 9.35% (2012), having the fastest growth rate in the country which was a key contributor from the recent mining boom. In the most recent last two years, the population growth of Perth has slowed down also related to the mining industry slowdown.
Perth is part of the South West Land Division of Western Australia, with the majority of the metropolitan area located on the Swan Coastal Plain, a narrow strip between the Indian Ocean and the Darling Scarp.
Historically the first areas of Perth settled were on the Swan River founded by Captain James Stirling in 1829, with the city’s central business district and port (Fremantle) both located on its shores.
Interesting naming fact: The city is named after Perth, Scotland, due to the influence of Sir George Murray, Member of Parliament for Perthshire and Secretary of State for War and the Colonies.
Our popular Perth sandy beaches line its suburbs, and the huge, riverside Kings Park and Botanic Garden on Mt. Eliza offer sweeping views of the city. Perth is on generally flat, rolling land – largely due to the high amount of sandy soils and deep bedrock. The Perth metropolitan area has two major river systems: the first is made up of the Swan and Canning Rivers; the second is that of the Serpentine and Murray Rivers, which discharge into the Peel Inlet at Mandurah.
Perth is now the sunniest State capital in Australia with a long-term annual average of 8.8 hours of sunshine a day!
The Perth Cultural Centre houses the Western Australian state ballet and WA Opera companies, and occupies its own central precinct, including a theatre, art galleries and the Western Australian Museum. The Perth Arena is a building in the city link area that has received a number of architecture awards.
St Georges Terrace is the prominent street of the area with 1.3 million m2 of office space in the CBD. Hay Street and Murray Street have most of the retail and entertainment facilities. The tallest building in the city is Central Park, which is the seventh tallest building in Australia.
The CBD has recently been the centre of a mining-induced boom, with several commercial and residential projects being built, including Brookfield Place, a 244 m office building for Anglo-Australian mining company BHP Billiton.
Perth came seventh in the Economist Intelligence Unit’s August 2016 list of the world’s most liveable cities, and was classified by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network in 2010 as a world city.
Perth is divided into 30 local government areas and 250 suburbs, stretching from Two Rocks in the north-of-Perth to Singleton in the south-of-Perth, and east inland to The Lakes. Outside of the main CBD, important urban centres within Perth include Fremantle and Joondalup. Most of those were originally established as separate settlements, and retained a distinct identity after being subsumed into the wider metropolitan area.
Perth is one of the most isolated major cities in the world. The nearest city with a population of more than 100,000 is Adelaide, 2,130 km (1,324 mi) away.
Ethnic diversity: In 2006, the largest ancestry groups in the Perth metropolitan areas were: English (534,555 or 28.6%), Australian (479,174 or 25.6%), Irish (115,384 or 6.2%), Scottish (113,846 or 6.1%), Italian (84,331 or 4.5%) and Chinese (53,390 or 2.9%). There were 26,486 Indigenous Australians in the city.
Gender diversity: According to Australian census data, approximately 50.4% of the Perth population is female and 49.6% are males. 48.5% of people are married, 35.5% have never married and 8.3% are divorced and 2.9% are separated. There are 64,533 widowed people living in Perth. Medium age of people in Perth is 32 years old compared to the medium age of Australia which is 37 years old.
Did you know? King’s Park in Perth is the biggest city park in the world.
Population: 2.14 million
Time Zone: AWST (UTC+8)
State electorate(s): Perth (and 41 others)
Federal Division(s): Perth (and 10 others)
Area: 6,418 km²
Mean Max temp: 24.6 °C
Mean Min temp: 12.7 °C
Annual rainfall: 850.0 mm
Telephone prefix: (08)
The local Perth business community is well established with a variety of Perth business networking groups providing local business development support, encouragement of new enterprise business start-ups, as well as a supportive collaborative business networking opportunities to meet new businesses, opportunities to pitch to these business, or obtain B2B solutions within the business network organisation.
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